Most of the major UK TV channels broadcast free-to-air from either the Astra 2E or 2F satellite, orbiting the earth at 28.2 degrees East (2F) or 28.5 degrees East (2E).
To enable free-to-air transmission without having the extra cost of paying for the rights to broadcast across Europe, the broadcasters use a spotbeam facility created by the satellite operator (SES) to target the transmissions towards the British Isles.
|UK Spotbeam footprint|
This map shows where reception of the main BBC, ITV, Channel 4 and Channel 5 services is possible using a Sky (or Freesat) minidish. The 45cm line showing the area in which a "Zone 1" minidish will work, the 60cm line showing the edge of the area where a "Zone 2" minidish will work.
This map shows Astra 2E coverage. Astra 2F varies very slightly to the south and east.
It is possible to receive broadcasts from the UK spotbeam outside of the area shown using a larger dish. (see below)
This map shows the extent of the European beam, which includes distinctive hotspots over Poland and the Canary Islands.
Information last reviewed: 04/08/2015
UK TV via satellite in Europe
Receiving BBC, ITV, Channel 4 and 5 outside of the main UK spotbeam zone with a larger dish: Dish sizes in Europe